Minecraft Brewing Guide

Brewing Guide

By placing bottles in the lower three slots of the brewing interface and an ingredient in the upper slot, you can distill the ingredient into the bottles and brew potions which may be consumed to grant an effect to the player.

Every potion starts with a water bottle, made by filling a glass bottle at a water source or filled cauldron. The next step is to add a primary ingredient to create a base potion, which is usually Nether Wart, which itself has no effect on the potion. By brewing a second ingredient into a base potion in the same manner, you can create a potion with a working effect. A third ingredient may be added to make the effect more intense or last longer, or turn the effect harmful. Finally, gunpowder can be added to a potion at any stage to convert it to a splash potion, which can be thrown to disperse its effect in a radius. Each brewing step takes 20 seconds.

Brewing can create very useful and lifesaving items. A good number of them are useful in combat by aiding the player or weakening enemies while others can save the player’s life if used quickly, like Fire Resistance or Healing. Gathering the Blaze Rods and Nether Wart necessary for brewing can prove challenging, but once they are set up, most potion ingredients are fairly plentiful and brewing will be a rewarding task.

Tips

  • Start by gathering Nether Wart. As seen in the chart above, Awkward Potions can be brewed into every possible potion, while all other base potions can only be used to make a Potion of Weakness. Thus you should always start with an Awkward Potion unless you intend to make a Potion of Weakness, in which case it’s more efficient to brew Fermented Spider Eye into a water bottle right off the bat and save yourself some Nether Wart.
  • As a rule of thumb, there are four modifier ingredients: Redstone Dust makes it last longer, Glowstone Dust makes it stronger (but shorter-lasting), Fermented Spider Eye reverses or “corrupts” the effect, and gunpowder converts it to a splash potion.
  • Brewing stands have three slots for three bottles and can brew three potions at once. A single ingredient is enough to brew into all three bottles, so an efficient potion-maker should always brew in batches of three. For even more efficiency, keep in mind this works even if the potions are of different types; you can brew an ingredient into three different types of potions, and each will result just as if you had brewed them individually.
  • Always use a water source for refilling your bottles, as the cauldron only has 3 uses while a water source block is infinite. You won’t need to always refill the cauldron using buckets. Using a water source can save you 7 iron ingots (to make the cauldron) and even more iron if you decided to store water in buckets.

 

Brewing Equipment

NameIconUse
Brewing StandBrewing StandUsed to add ingredients into water bottles.
CauldronCauldronEach one can hold a bucket of water (after placement).
Will fill 3 glass bottles.
Glass BottleGlass BottleContainer for all kinds of potions.
Water BottleWater BottleThe starting base for all potions.
Made by filling a glass bottle from a cauldron or water source.

Ingredients

Base Ingredients

Base ingredients are the starting point of all potions. Nether Wart is the primary ingredient added to water bottles at this stage, as it is required to make most of the potions. All other base ingredients will only allow the creation of variations of “Potion of Weakness”.

NameIconWhen added makes
Nether WartNether WartAwkward Potion
Glowstone DustGlowstone DustThick Potion
RedstoneRedstoneMundane Potion
(extended)
Fermented Spider EyeFermented Spider EyePotion of Weakness

Secondary Ingredients

Secondary ingredients imbue an Awkward Potion with a particular effect but do not alter potion duration or intensity. When added directly to a water bottle, any of these ingredients will produce a Mundane Potion (with the exception of fermented spider eye, which results in a potion of weakness and the golden carrot, which can’t be brewed into a water bottle to make a potion).

NameIconEffect
Magma CreamMagma CreamFire Resistance
SugarSugarSpeed
Glistering MelonGlistering MelonInstant Health
Spider EyeSpider EyePoison
Ghast TearGhast TearRegeneration
Blaze PowderBlaze PowderStrength
Fermented Spider EyeFermented Spider EyeWeakness
Golden CarrotGolden CarrotNight Vision
PufferfishPufferfishWater Breathing

Modifiers

Modifiers change the potion’s properties. The “longer duration” and “more potent” versions of a potion can be forever interchanged.

NameIconWhen added
RedstoneRedstoneIncreases duration
Glowstone DustGlowstone DustIncreases potency
GunpowderGunpowderTurns into a splash
Fermented Spider EyeFermented Spider EyeCorrupts effect (see below)

Corrupting Effect: Fermented Spider Eyes will change a potion’s base effect, often reversing it or producing a negative potion.

  • A “corrupted” potion usually does the opposite of the original potion.
  • Potions of Invisibility are considered a “corrupted” version of the Potions of Night Vision.
    • Instead of seeing at maximum brightness, you turn invisible.

Potions

Primary

All primary potions are created by brewing a single ingredient with a water bottle. Mundane Potions and Potions of Weakness (along with their variants) can be combined with gunpowder to create their throwable (splash potion) counterparts.

PotionBaseReagentEffectPrecursor to
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Water Bottle
Water Bottle
Nether Wart
Nether Wart
NonePotion of Healing
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Poison
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Strength
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Night Vision
Potion of Water Breathing
Potion of Weakness
Mundane Potion
Mundane Potion
(extended)
Water Bottle
Water Bottle
Redstone
Redstone
NonePotion of Weakness
(extended)
Mundane Potion
Mundane Potion
Water Bottle
Water Bottle
Ghast Tear
Ghast Tear,
Glistering Melon
Glistering Melon,
Blaze Powder
Blaze Powder,
Magma Cream
Magma Cream,
Sugar
Sugar,
or
Spider Eye
Spider Eye
NonePotion of Weakness
Thick Potion
Thick Potion
Water Bottle
Water Bottle
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
NonePotion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
Water Bottle
Water Bottle
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage. Note that this makes the player unable to do any damage without a weapon.Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Secondary

Secondary potions are created by brewing an ingredient with a primary potion and can be combined with gunpowder to create their throwable splash potion counterparts.

Positive

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Glistering Melon
Glistering Melon
Restores Heart.svgHeart.svg per potion.Instant
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Magma Cream
Magma Cream
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks.
3:00
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Ghast Tear
Ghast Tear
Restores health over time by approximately Heart.svg every 2.4 seconds.[note 1]
0:45
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Blaze Powder
Blaze Powder
Adds 130% damage to all melee attacks, with or without weapons.
3:00
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Sugar
Sugar
Increases player’s movement speed, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 20%.
3:00
Potion of Night Vision
Potion of Night Vision
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Golden Carrot
Golden Carrot
Makes everything appear to be at max light level, including underwater areas.
3:00
Potion of Water Breathing
Potion of Water Breathing
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Pufferfish
Pufferfish
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater.
3:00

Negative

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion
Spider Eye
Spider Eye
Poisons the player for the given time, reducing the health to Half Heart.svg at most, at a rate of approximately Half Heart.svg every 1.5 seconds.
0:45
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
Awkward Potion
Awkward Potion,
Thick Potion
Thick Potion,
or
Mundane Potion
Mundane Potion
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
1:30
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(extended)
Mundane Potion
Mundane Potion
(extended)
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
4:00

Tertiary

Tertiary potions are created by brewing an ingredient with a secondary potion or another tertiary potion and can be combined with gunpowder to create their throwable splash potion counterparts.

Positive

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
(extended)
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
(base or reverted)
Redstone
Redstone
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks.
8:00
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing II
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing
(base or reverted)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Restores Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg per potion.Instant
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration
(extended)
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration
tier I or II
Redstone
Redstone
Restores health over time by approximately Heart.svg every 2.4 seconds.[note 1]
2:00
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration II
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration
(base or extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Restores health over time by approximately Heart.svg every 1.2 seconds.[note 1]
0:16
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength
(extended)
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength
tier I or II
Redstone
Redstone
Adds 130% damage to all melee attacks, with or without weapons.
8:00
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength II
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength
(base or extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Adds 260% damage to all melee attacks, with or without weapons.
1:30
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness
(extended)
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness
tier I or II
Redstone
Redstone
Increases player’s movement, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 20%.
8:00
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness II
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness
(base or extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Increases player’s movement, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 40%.
1:30
Potion of Night Vision
Potion of Night Vision
(extended)
Potion of Night Vision
Potion of Night Vision
Redstone
Redstone
Makes everything appear to be at max light level, including underwater areas.
8:00
Potion of Invisibility
Potion of Invisibility
Potion of Night Vision
Potion of Night Vision
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible.
3:00
Potion of Invisibility
Potion of Invisibility
(extended)
Potion of Night Vision
Potion of Night Vision
(extended)
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible.
8:00
Potion of Invisibility
Potion of Invisibility
(extended)
Potion of Invisibility
Potion of Invisibility
Redstone
Redstone
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible.
8:00
Potion of Water Breathing
Potion of Water Breathing
(extended)
Potion of Water Breathing
Potion of Water Breathing
(base or reverted)
Redstone
Redstone
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater.
8:00

Negative

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing
or
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Inflicts Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg of damage.Instant
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming II
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing II
or
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison II
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Inflicts Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg of damage.Instant
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming II
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming
(base or reverted)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Inflicts Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg of damage.Instant
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison
(extended)
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison
tier I or II
Redstone
Redstone
Poisons the player for the given time,
reducing the health to a minimum of Half Heart.svg, at a rate of approximately Half Heart.svg per two seconds.

2:00
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison II
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison
(base or extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Poisons the player for the given time,
reducing the health to a minimum of Half Heart.svg, at a rate of approximately Heart.svg per second.

0:22
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
or
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Player’s movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time.
1:30
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
(extended)
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
(base or reverted)
Redstone
Redstone
Player’s movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time.
3:00
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
(extended)
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
(extended)
or
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness
(extended)
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Player’s movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time.
3:00
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength
or
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
1:30
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(extended)
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength
(extended)
or
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration
(extended)
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
4:00
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(extended)
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(base or reverted)
Redstone
Redstone
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
4:00

Reverted

There are two general methods to create reverted potions, one of which involve the addition of fermented spider eyes. Reversion, in general, references changing a longer, upgraded potion into a its original weaker potion (for example, changing from a potion of poison (extended) into a potion of harming (reverted) by adding fermented spider eye).

The first method involves adding glowstone (typically) to an already upgraded tertiary potion (seen in Section 5.3.1 or 5.3.2 above). Since these tertiary potions have already been modified with redstone (typically), they can change to their original (revert) unmodified states depending on which modifier was added previously. Not all potions will revert (or react, for that matter) when glowstone powder or redstone dust is added to an upgraded tertiary potion (for example, adding redstone to an already redstone-extended potion will not yield a new potion).

The second method involves the addition of fermented spider eyes, followed by glowstone (usually). Method two works by adding fermented spider eye to an extended positive potion (i.e. an extended tertiary potion). In almost all cases, this will corrupt the potion (corruption is described in Section 4.3 above) and produce a negative potion of equal strength (in this case, extended). Then, glowstone (depending on the recipe) is added to the extended negative potion. Since these negative tertiary potions (regardless of origin) have already been modified with redstone, the addition of glowstone will revert the potion to a potion of lesser duration.

A good example of this process at work is the reversion of the potion of weakness. A potion of weakness can be made two ways. The first method is by adding fermented spider eye to a mundane potion (water bottle + ghast tear/glistering melon/blaze powder/magma cream/sugar/spider eye), then adding redstone to produce potion of weakness (extended). The second method is by adding (again) fermented spider eye to either a potion of strength or a potion of regeneration. Potions of strength and regen, in their base or extended forms, will produce potions of weakness with equal magnitude (for the sake of this example, fermented spider eye is added to potion of strength (extended) to produce potion of weakness (extended)).

Now, there should be two Potions of Weakness (4:00). Glowstone dust is added to the Potion of Weakness (Ext) which reverts the potion into a normal duration (1:30) Potion of Weakness. The act of reducing the duration from 4:00 to 1:30 is reversion. In the inventory, reverted potions will look identical to their base potion, much like mundane and mundane (extended). Their usage is also identical to their base potions, with the exception of turning into reverted potions rather than base potions.

Glowstone

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
(reverted)
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
(extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks.
3:00
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
(reverted)
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
(extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Player’s movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time.
1:30
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(reverted)
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
1:30
Potion of Water Breathing
Potion of Water Breathing
(reverted)
Potion of Water Breathing
Potion of Water Breathing
(extended)
Glowstone Dust
Glowstone Dust
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater.
3:00

Redstone

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing
(reverted)
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing II
Redstone
Redstone
Restores Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg per potion.Instant
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming
(reverted)
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming II
Redstone
Redstone
Inflicts Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg of damage.Instant

Fermented Spider Eye

PotionBaseReagentEffectDuration
(minutes)
Potion of Harming
Potion of Harming
(reverted)
Potion of Healing
Potion of Healing
(reverted)
or
Potion of Poison
Potion of Poison
(extended)
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Inflicts Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg of damage.Instant
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Slowness
(reverted)
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Fire Resistance
(reverted)
or
Potion of Swiftness
Potion of Swiftness II
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Player’s movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time.
1:30
Potion of Weakness
Potion of Weakness
(reverted)
Potion of Strength
Potion of Strength II
or
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Regeneration II
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by Heart.svg damage.
1:30